Tag Archives: Church of All Saints

Charles Henry Ward and Georgiana Ward (née Georgiana Allen): England and Wales Census 1901

Published: February 20, 2017    Last modified: February 22, 2017

If my previous post illustrating the vagaries of searching for ancestors proved none too difficult eventually, this next search seemed to take forever.

With reference to this article regarding my great grandmother Ziller JACKLIN (née Ziller ALLEN 1858-1949) and her daughter Georgiana ALLEN 1879-1965, I was curious to know more about Georgiana's family.

BW had provided me with a few clues:

1) Georgiana's husband was one Charles Henry WARD.
2) Georgiana was born at the Union Workhouse, Clarborough (East Retford, Nottinghamshire).
3) In 1896 they were married at the Church of All Saints, Aston-cum-Aughton, Rotherham.
4) Georgiana later used the name Georgina, but the name Eanor on her marriage certificate.
5) The marriage produced 8 children.
6) Hilda WARD was their eldest daughter.

Since they were married 'twixt the 1891 and 1901 England and Wales censuses, I thought it would be none too difficult to find a 1901 census record of this family. How wrong can one be.

'Ward' and 'Allen' are commonly occurring surnames, though Georgiana as a forename is not so commonly occurring. After some fairly simple searches I was not getting too far, so I changed tactic and in the hope of one of them having an unusual forename, I tried to find more of the children. A search of FreeBMD, where after September 1912, the mother's surname is also given, showed quite a few children for 'Ward' + 'Allen', but I could not be certain that they were for this couple.

The main problem was not knowing their place of residence. They had been married at the Church of All Saints, Aston-cum-Aughton, and since Georgiana's mother Ziller JACKLIN (née Ziller ALLEN 1858-1949) and several of her aunts and uncles lived at nearby Swallownest and their residence at the time of marriage was given as Swallownest, I had to assume they would be resident nearby.

Several hours of searching later I was about to give up, when I decided that they may have moved away from the area. So I decided to gradually broaden my search and changed residence to 'Basford' north Nottinghamshire, an area nearby, but classed then as Nottinghamshire.

While trawling through many, many 'Ward's, I eventually spotted 'Hilda Ward' and the main cause of my difficulties: Charles Henry's name had been abbreviated to 'Chas Hy Ward' ('fuzzy' search was not detecting this) and Georgiana is recorded as 'GE Ward'. Their residence is given as Kiveton, a village about 3 miles east of Swallownest, though in 1901 Kiveton came under the registration district of Worksop, Nottinghamshire.

So another mystery solved, eventually.

FHJ Ref: 079
Census: England and Wales Census 1901
Place: Kiveton, Yorkshire, England
Household: Charles Henry WARD

SURNAMEFIRST NAME(S)RELSTATUSSEXAGEOCCUPATIONWHERE BORNREMARKS
WardChas Hy *HeadMarriedMale25Maltster LabourerOmpton, Nottinghamshire
WardGE *WifeMarriedFemale25Retford, Nottinghamshire
WardEdgarSonMale5Swallownest, Yorkshire
WardHildaDaughterFemale4Kiveton, Yorkshire
WardGladysDaughterFemale2Kiveton, Yorkshire
WardJohnBoarderMale28Mansfield, Nottinghamshire
Note: Chas Hy: Charles Henry    GE: Georgiana, Georgina or Georgeina

To view this table full width please click here.

Georgiana Ward (née Georgiana Allen 1879-1965)

Published: March 14, 2015    Last modified: February 8, 2017

Ziller Jacklin (née Ziller Allen 1858-1949)
<a href="http://familyhistoryjournal.com/?s=Ziller+Allen">Read more...</a>

Ziller Jacklin (née Ziller Allen 1858-1949)

This information has taken me quite some time to document and publish but at the time it came as quite a surprise:

Through the "Suggest a change" form at Family History Journal I received the following email:

Proposed Change: Ziller ALLEN (I22)
Tree: Jacklin / Ashforth
Link: Ziller ALLEN
Description: Zillah was mother of Georgina 06/03/1879-1965 father not registered. Georgina(eanor) married Charles Henry Ward 1896 Aston parish church Sheffield. Zillah is my G.G.Grandmother.

Basically this email informed me that my grandfather Wilfred Jacklin 1896-1967 had a step sister by the name of Georgina (Georgiana). I immediately phoned my aunt, the daughter of Wilfred Jacklin 1896-1967 and Ivy JACKLIN (née Ivy DIXON) 1901-1983 and asked if she was aware of this step sister; no she wasn't.

So this opened up a whole new avenue to explore.

I replied to BW and he provided me with a synopsis of Georgiana's family history:
Georgiana known to the family as Georgina married Charles Henry Ward at Aston Parish Church¹ and had 8 children. The eldest daughter had 5 children including the mother of BW.

I sent for Georgiana's birth certificate because Fanny Allen² would have been in her 50s when she was born. I have enclosed copies of birth and marriage
certificates. The name on the marriage certificate is Eanor which is a mystery to the family.

¹ Aston Parish Church is the Church of All Saints, Aston-cum-Aughton, Rotherham, Yorkshire.

² Fanny ALLEN (née Fanny LITTLEWOOD) 1832-1915, the mother of Ziller (Zillah, Zellaby) ALLEN 1858-1949

In the census record shown below, Georgina, or Georgiana ALLEN 1879-1965 is shown to be 2 years old and a grandaughter of John ALLEN 1831-Deceased, though at this time Ziller ALLEN 1858-1949 is living and working at East Drayton, Nottinghamshire, in the the household of George SMITHSON 1830-Deceased.

FHJ Ref: 008
Census: England and Wales Census 1881
Place: Little Gringley, Retford, Nottinghamshire
Household: John Allen

SURNAMEFIRST NAME(S) RELSTATUSSEXAGEOCCUPATIONWHERE BORNREMARKS
AllenJohnHeadMarriedMale50Agricultural LabourerLittle Gringley, Clarborough, Nottinghamshire
AllenFannyWifeMarriedFemale49East Retford, Nottinghamshire
AllenElizabethDaurUFemale20General Servant DomesticLittle Gringley, Clarborough, Nottinghamshire
AllenDavidSonUMale14Agricultural LabourerLittle Gringley, Clarborough, Nottinghamshire
AllenJohnSonUMale12ScholarLittle Gringley, Clarborough, Nottinghamshire
AllenSallyDaurUFemale10ScholarLittle Gringley, Clarborough, Nottinghamshire
AllenTomSonUMale7ScholarLittle Gringley, Clarborough, Nottinghamshire
AllenHarrietDaurUFemale4Little Gringley, Clarborough, Nottinghamshire
AllenJaneG DaurUFemale5Workhouse, Clarborough, Nottinghamshire
AllenGeorgianaG DaurUFemale2Workhouse, Clarborough, Nottinghamshire

To view this table full width please click here.

In the census record shown below Ziller ALLEN 1858-1949 is living in the household of George SMITHSON 1830-Deceased. I must admit, it had never crossed my mind to link Georgiana to Ziller ALLEN 1858-1949 as a daughter.

FHJ Ref: 002
Census: England and Wales Census 1881
Place: 4 North Street, East Drayton, Nottingham, England
Household: George Smithson

SURNAMEFIRST NAME(S)RELSTATUSSEXAGEOCCUPATIONWHERE BORNREMARKS
SmithsonGeorgeHeadMMale51Agricultural LabourerHeadon, Nottinghamshire
SmithsonJaneWifeMFemale28Retford, Nottinghamshire
AllenJohn HStep SonMale9ScholarLambeth, Surrey
AllenJaneStep DaughterFemale7ScholarRetford, Nottinghamshire
SmithsonElizabethDaughterFemale2East Drayton, Nottinghamshire
AllenZillahSister In LawUFemale22Dom Serv Unemployed (Farm)Little Gringley, Nottinghamshire

To view this table full width please click here.

Of course this still leaves me with the mystery of Elizabeth ALLEN, as shown by the census record below, living in the household of Daniel JACKLIN 1862-1953 and Ziller JACKLIN (née Ziller ALLEN) 1858-1949. To view an earlier article regarding Elizabeth ALLEN please click here.

FHJ Ref: 007
Census: England and Wales Census 1891
Place: Bradley Yard, Aston With Aughton, Rotherham, Yorkshire
Household: Daniel Jacklin

SURNAMEFIRST NAME(S)RELSTATUSSEXAGEOCCUPATIONWHERE BORNREMARKS
JacklinDanHeadMarriedM28Coal MinerWhaddon, Cambridgeshire,
JacklinZillerWifeMarriedF32Gringley, Lincolnshire
AllenElizabethNieceSF9Gringley, Lincolnshire
Note: Gringley, Lincolnshire ought to be Little Gringley, Nottinghamshire

To view this table full width please click here.

Family history weekend

Published: February 20, 2012    Last modified: November 20, 2016

Knaith Hall, Knaith

Knaith Hall and the Church of Saint Mary, Knaith, Lincolnshire

This weekend I visited an area of north Lincolnshire associated with my paternal grandmother Ivy JACKLIN (née Ivy DIXON) 1901-1983. Ivy was born at Upton (Upton-cum-Kexby) in 1901, moved to the village of Marton, eventually marrying Wilfred JACKLIN 1896-1967 at the Church of All Saints, Aston-cum-Aughton, Yorkshire. Sometime later they moved to Beighton Street, Darnall, Sheffield, Yorkshire.

Many of my relatives still live in this area of north Lincolnshire, including 3 cousins from the village of Marton.

Primarily this trip was to try and achieve the following:

  1. Participate in the 'Snowdrop Walk' from Knaith Hall, Knaith, Lincolnshire to The Château at Gate Burton, Lincolnshire.
  2. Scan some of the family photographs archived by my cousin GH.
  3. Visit some of the north Nottinghamshire villages associated with my Jacklin line.

Thanks to my cousins and to some very good weather, I was able to achieve virtually all the goals I had set myself.

Saturday afternoon we took the car and visited some of the villages associated with my family's history including Upton-cum-Kexby and Fillingham, Lincolnshire.  On our return I visited one of my cousins and we sorted through a large box of old photographs where I was pleasantly surprised that we were able to identify many of the people and places. I then spent a few hours scanning the selected photographs and will gradually add them to my 'Gallery'.

Sunday I completed an early morning walk along Littleborough Lane, Marton to the banks of the River Trent, returning by way of Trent Port Road.

I then attended the wonderful 'Knaith Snowdrop Walk' at Knaith Hall, Knaith. The hall was not open to the public except for a small refreshments room but visitors were able to explore the grounds and follow a marked route to The Château at Gate Burton. As if on cue, the snowdrops under their canopy of trees, were looking truly resplendent.

The Church of Saint Mary built alongside Knaith Hall and over looking the River Trent was also open. This is the first time I had visited this church and though it was quite crowded with visitors I was able to take a number of photographs of the interior.

After leaving Knaith we headed off towards the north Nottinghamshire villages of Everton and Harwell. Again these are small villages associated with both my paternal grandmother Ivy JACKLIN (née Ivy DIXON) 1901-1983, my paternal great grandmother Ziller JACKLIN (née Ziller ALLEN) 1858-1949 and gg grandfather John ALLEN 1831-Deceased of nearby Little Gringley. I particularly wished to visit the Church of the Holy Trinity at Everton, Nottinghamshire.

Finally and in order to photograph the tiny Church of Saint Nicholas we drove to Littleborough, Nottinghamshire. Although I have yet to find a connection between this church and my family, I have always wanted to make a visit. In the graveyard I did find an headstone for one Olive Mary BARLOW and her husband Reuben BARLOW, a family surname associated with this region.

Altogether a splendid weekend.

Notes:
I will gradually publish, over the next few weeks, both the scanned old photographs together with photographs of the churches and villages we visited.

The Château, a National Trust property at Gate Burton, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire is available for holiday bookings through the Landmark Trust.

Updates:
2015-03-09 To view the photographs of the village of Marton, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, please click here.
To view the photographs of Knaith Hall, the Church of Saint Mary and The Château, please click here.

Minnie Taylor: School Log Book: 1890

Published: December 23, 2011    Last modified: January 12, 2017

Minnie Taylor, School Log Book, 1890

Minnie Taylor, School Log Book, 1890

While sifting through a box of my late father's papers (mainly old night school exercise books related to maths, physics and engineering), I came across this curious document:

It is a page out of an old school exercise book that has been photocopied, and judging by its quality, I would guess this was copied many years ago. For it to be amongst my father's papers I would surmise it must have some relevance to our family.

The most obvious facts presented by this document are as follows:

  1. The year 1890.
  2. The names of 3 individuals: Minnie Taylor, Reverend H.R. Dunlop and John H. Fielding.
  3. The name of a school: Skellingthorpe C. of E. School (Skellingthorpe Church of England School).

It being just a few days before Christmas I am rather busy on other projects but as usual curiosity got the better of me and so I decided just to spend an hour or so seeing what a few searches might unearth.

On first glance I thought the document was regarding Skellingthorpe C. of E. School but on reading the document again I realised it says "late of Skellingthorpe C. of E. School". So does this mean Minnie Taylor is a former scholar or a former teacher; I will go with the latter.

The date suggests that a good starting point might be the England and Wales Census 1891, so I carried out a few online searches.

As expected there are many Minnie Taylors in this area, compounded by the fact that Skellingthorpe is on the borders of Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire. I quickly moved on.

The Reverend H.R. Dunlop was more enlightening. The Reverend was the current Vicar of the Parish of Misterton. This immediately expands the geographical area but once again this is compounded by Misterton also being on the border of Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire.

John H. Fielding I presume to be a scholar, so I would expect him to be between 7 and 12 years of age. The only exact census match sent me on rather a wild goose chase.

According to the 1891 census John H Fielding was born at Todwick, then a small village twixt Sheffield and Worksop, well out of the Misterton area. By an amazing coincidence, in the early 1960s, our family lived at Todwick. At this time Todwick was a small village with a population of around 200 people, its Church of England school having just one large room with a folding divider. At this time my father was fairly prominent socially in Todwick so of course I immediately assumed that maybe this document had come into his possession during our time at Todwick.

This document seems to suggest Minnie Taylor had opened this school in 1890 but a little research shows that the school at Todwick was opened much earlier. Also I find it difficult to believe that the Rev. H.R. Dunlop would have travelled all the way from Misterton to Todwick, quite a journey in those days, just to "examine a parcel of books".

For the time being I will go with the theory that the school is located close by to Misterton and the John H. Fielding I found is not the correct person.

I need to carry out some more structured research and hopefully I can shed some light on this mystery document.

Updates:
2011-12-28 Over Christmas I had the opportunity to show the document to my mother. She had never seen this document and was as intrigued as I myself am.

2011-12-31 I carried out further research into Minnie Taylor and found a census record of 1891 recording a Minnie TAYLOR living in the household of a King TAYLOR at Decoy Farm, Skellingthorpe, Lincolnshire. Minnie TAYLOR's occupation is given as 'employed school mistress'. I have created a new article detailing this research. To view this article please click here.

2012-02-03 This is rather ironic. I carried out a search for "schools misterton notts 1890" and found a link to 'NOTTSGEN-L Archives: February 2003'. In this post:

From: "kbann3" <>
Subject: [Notts] Misterton Parish church lists of vicars/rectors/curates
Date: Sun, 9 Feb 2003 23:21:27 -0800
is a list of all the vicars / rectors / curates of the Church of All Saints, Misterton, Nottinghamshire c.1200-1950.

Since I am unsure of copyright pertaining to this list, I will merely provide a link to the post. Suffice to say that the name of Henry Robert DUNLOP appears on this list.

The irony? Well when I visited the church in 2007 I picked up the same leaflet and made a donation in the church's collection box. Somewhere in my office under an enormous amount of clutter I already have this information, I just never realised!

To view my photographs of the Church of All Saints, Misterton, Nottinghamshire, please click here.

Elizabeth Allen or Elizabeth Smithson?

Published: September 29, 2008    Last modified: October 18, 2017

While checking this earlier article, one of the earliest articles on this website, the name Elizabeth SMITHSON 1879-Deceased caught my eye.

This is my transcription of the England and Wales Census 1881:

FHJ Ref: 002
Census: England and Wales Census 1881
Place: 4 North Street, East Drayton, Nottingham, England
Household: George Smithson

SURNAMEFIRST NAME(S)RELSTATUSSEXAGEOCCUPATIONWHERE BORNREMARKS
SmithsonGeorgeHeadMMale51Agricultural LabourerHeadon, Nottinghamshire
SmithsonJaneWifeMFemale28Retford, Nottinghamshire
AllenJohn HStep SonMale9ScholarLambeth, Surrey
AllenJaneStep DaughterFemale7ScholarRetford, Nottinghamshire
SmithsonElizabethDaughterFemale2East Drayton, Nottinghamshire
AllenZillahSister In LawUFemale22Dom Serv Unemployed (Farm)Little Gringley, Nottinghamshire

To view this table full width please click here.

These records suggest Jane SMITHSON (née Jane ALLEN 1853-1892) had 2 children, either from a previous marriage or 'out of wedlock'.

I suddenly realised that Elizabeth SMITHSON 1879-Deceased, Jane's daughter presumably from her marriage to George SMITHSON 1830-Deceased, could be the elusive Elizabeth 'Betty' ALLEN.

A search of FreeBMD reveals a death, registered at Retford in March 1892 of one Jane SMITHSON aged 40 years. Elizabeth SMITHSON 1879-Deceased would now be about 12 years of age.

The England and Wales Census 1891 records the following:

FHJ Ref: 007
Census: England and Wales Census 1891
Place: Bradley Yard, Aston With Aughton, Rotherham, Yorkshire
Household: Daniel Jacklin

SURNAMEFIRST NAME(S)RELSTATUSSEXAGEOCCUPATIONWHERE BORNREMARKS
JacklinDanHeadMarriedM28Coal MinerWhaddon, Cambridgeshire,
JacklinZillerWifeMarriedF32Gringley, Lincolnshire
AllenElizabethNieceSF9Gringley, Lincolnshire
Note: Gringley, Lincolnshire ought to be Little Gringley, Nottinghamshire

To view this table full width please click here.

I conjecture Jane had fallen ill and was unable to care for Elizabeth her youngest child and Daniel JACKLIN 1862-1953 and Ziller JACKLIN (née Ziller ALLEN 1858-1949) agreed to 'adopt' her.

A quick search of the England and Wales Census 1901 reveals an Elizabeth SMITHSON aged 22 years living at East Drayton.

Another search of FreeBMD this time for a marriage for Elizabeth SMITHSON reveals several, but the only one in an anticipated locality is registered in December 1909 at Rotherham, Yorkshire. The husbands name could either be Thomas DAVIS or Fred KEIGHLEY.

At this time Daniel JACKLIN 1862-1953 and Ziller JACKLIN (née Ziller ALLEN 1858-1949) were probably still living at Swallownest so it could well be Elizabeth SMITHSON 1879-Deceased married at the Church of All Saints at Aston-cum-Aughton which of course is in the registration district of Rotherham.

This is all conjecture and supposition at the moment and the dates, though not exactly what I would expect, are close enough to warrant further research. Since I am unlikely to glean much more from FreeBMD or the England and Wales Census, I will invest in the purchase of the marriage certificate and hope that I can prove my theory.

Updates:
2017-10-18 Recently I located a baptism for one Eliza ALLEN. To read about this development please click here.

William Butroid and Rebecca Butroid (née Rebecca Bowering): Church of All Saints, Misterton, Nottinghamshire

Published: August 29, 2007    Last modified: January 17, 2017

Church of All Saints, Misterton, Nottinghamshire

After walking part of the Chesterfield Canal from West Stockwith towards Gringley-on-the-Hill we decided to return by way of the north Nottinghamshire village of Misterton. This gave me the opportunity to take some photographs of the Church of All Saints, Misterton and check the headstones for family names. This graveyard is immaculately kept and congratulations must go to the person or persons responsible.

William Butroid d.1886
Rebecca Butroid d.1895

By sheer chance the first headstone I checked (shown in the photograph above) was that of one William BUTROID and his wife Rebecca BUTROID (née Rebecca BOWERING).

My great grandmother Ziller JACKLIN (née Ziller ALLEN 1858-1949) had a sister Sarah BUTROID (née Sarah ALLEN 1862-1943) who married Jesse BUTROID 1862-1943. Jesse was born at West Butterwick and Jesse's father John BUTROID 1840-1921, was born at East Stockwith, just across the River Trent from West Stockwith and Misterton.

At this moment in time I am not sure where William and Rebecca BUTROID fit into the family tree, but as far as I am aware this is the only connection the JACKLIN line has with Misterton.

Unusually in these times of theft and vandalism the church was open and I was able to take a few photographs of the interior together with a couple of the stained glass windows. As usual the exterior proved more of a problem, strong sunlight prohibited some angles and 'street furniture' proved invasive on others.

To view the 'Gallery' album for the Church of All Saints, Misterton, please click here.

Marton, Upton, Kexby, Gate Burton and Misterton

Published: August 28, 2007    Last modified: November 8, 2016

Church of All Saints, Upton, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire

Over the bank holiday we spent a couple of days in and around Marton, Lincolnshire, combining some much needed exercise in the form of walking and cycling with some family history research.

We visited the following churches:

Church of All Saints, Misterton
Church of All Saints, Upton (Upton-cum-Kexby)
Church of Saint Helen, Gate Burton
Church of Saint Margaret of Antioch, Marton

and the cemetery at Trent Port Road, Marton.

I took numerous photographs of these churches together with some interesting headstones bearing the family names of FORD, CARTER, DIXON and LOCK. I will gradually add these to my 'Gallery'.

I need to spend a little time analysing the inscriptions on the headstones and no doubt will eventually be able to comment on what I discover. All in all a very rewarding weekend.

Aston-cum-Aughton

Published: May 30, 2005    Last modified: February 4, 2017
Church of All Saints, Aston-cum-Aughton Rotherham, Yorkshire

Church of All Saints
Aston-cum-Aughton, Rotherham, Yorkshire

Circa 1960-63 I lived in the village of Todwick near Sheffield, Yorkshire, England. Todwick is located alongside the A57 trunk road midway between Sheffield and Worksop. A few miles further along the A57 towards Sheffield lies the village of Aston-cum-Aughton. I remember little about Aston, as a teenager I had little reason to visit the village other than passing through whilst making frequent journeys to Sheffield where most of my immediate family lived. What I do remember is that from the top deck of the bus when not idly gazing out of the bus window dreaming teenage dreams, one had rather a good view of Aston Hall, at street level the hall is obscured by a tall boundary wall.

Yesterday we met some friends from Grimsby and spent a pleasant day at Clumber Park, Nottinghamshire. Our return journey meant taking the A57 around Worksop, passing by Todwick, before taking the M1 motorway (this section of the M1 motorway had yet to be built when I lived at Todwick) at the Aston-cum-Aughton intersection. Since it was a beautiful sunny evening I decided to take a detour, drive through Aston, and reminisce.

It must be at least 25 years since I last drove through Aston and it took a little while to get my 'bearings', partly due to a 'new' by-pass that I have never had reason to travel before. Eventually we found the old road through from Swallownest to Aston; some places have changed and of course there are lots of awful new housing and industrial developments, but I was pleasantly surprised to see the old Pavilion Cinema still standing, though now a snooker hall.

On reaching the older parts of Aston I was amazed at how little had changed and had little problem locating All Saints Church. Unfortunately a long day had left us feeling rather tired, so I just grabbed the camera, wandered down Church Lane, and took a few photographs for theses pages. Church of All Saints is not the easiest to photograph from the street due to the surrounding buildings and trees and with a low evening sun I had few options as to which way I could point the lens. So unsurprsingly the results are not too brilliant but I will return under more favourable conditions and explore some more.

Like most teenagers I had little interest in family history so it was only recently when I became interested in my family's history that I realised my grandfather and great grandfather JACKLIN had associations with this village.

Coal Mining: South Yorkshire

Published: May 17, 2005    Last modified: February 2, 2017

Both my grandfather Wilfred JACKLIN 1896-1967 and great grandfather Daniel JACKLIN 1862-1953 worked the South Yorkshire coalfield. I am still trying to ascertain at which colliery or collieries they were employed, and for how long. There were several collieries in this area though transport would be an issue so presumably they would have worked reasonably close to home. This map courtesy of the Coal Mining Resource Centre details the South Yorkshire coalfield. Daniel JACKLIN (JACKLEN) aged 18 years appears on the England and Wales Census 1881, living and working as a labourer for Richard EARNSHAW on a farm of 62 acres at Crayke, North Yorkshire. By the time of the England and Wales Census 1891, Daniel (now age 28 years) has moved south to Bradley Yard, Aston-cum-Aughton, Rotherham, West Riding of Yorkshire, married Ziller ALLEN 1858-1949 at the Church of All Saints, Aston-cum-Aughton, and is now working as a coal miner.